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Regenerative Therapy

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What are stem cells?

Stem cells serve as the fundamental units of our body, possessing a remarkable ability to proliferate extensively and differentiate into various cell types and tissues. This distinctive characteristic enables them to contribute to the regeneration and restoration of damaged areas within our body. For instance, they have been utilized to generate neural cells for individuals with brain injuries, heart cells for cardiac patients, insulin-producing cells for those with diabetes, and corneal cells for individuals suffering from blindness.

Stem cells function through various mechanisms:

  • They emit growth factors that promote healing and regeneration in injured tissue.
  • These growth factors induce angiogenesis, enhancing blood flow to the damaged area and facilitating its repair.
  • Moreover, they transform into the specific cell type of the tissue they are placed in, thereby substituting dysfunctional tissue.

What is Regenerative Medicine?

  • Regenerative medicine is a diverse field focused on repairing, replacing, or regenerating damaged tissues and organs caused by injury, illness, or aging. Unlike conventional medicine, which mainly treats symptoms, regenerative medicine aims to restore the structure and function of impaired tissues by tapping into the body's innate healing capabilities.
  • This field employs various techniques, including stem cell therapy. Stem cells are particularly vital as they can transform into different cell types, serving as a cornerstone in many regenerative approaches.
  • Regenerative medicine shows promise in treating a broad spectrum of conditions, ranging from orthopedic injuries to heart disease and neurodegenerative disorders. It holds the potential to revolutionize healthcare by offering more efficient treatments and perhaps even cures for presently incurable ailments. Nonetheless, significant challenges such as ensuring safety, efficacy, and accessibility must be overcome for regenerative therapies to be widely adopted.